Feature of the US Constitution

The Constitution of the United States is considered an incomparable document. A bold test of democracy, almost 200 years ago, has proved bot...

US Constitution

The Constitution of the United States is considered an incomparable document. A bold test of democracy, almost 200 years ago, has proved both stable and resilient enough to survive and function in a world completely different from where it was written.

I will discuss the main features of the American Constitution below.


Feature of the US Constitution

The American Constitution sets out the legal system, as well as the boundaries of government, to protect the rights of American citizens. A total of thirty amendments to the American Constitution have been adopted by the American Congress since March 4, 179. The features of the US Constitution are as follows:

Written

The Constitution of the United States is written. It is a document written and accepted by a specific organization. The constitution was drafted and adopted at the Philadelphia Constitutional Conference. The basic rules, procedures, rules, and regulations of governance, powers of the center and the states, their interrelationships, powers of different departments of the government, and their relations are enshrined in the constitution. Basically, the system of governance is regulated and managed according to these written basic laws and procedures.

But US governance is no longer governed by written laws alone. In addition to the written rules and regulations, many unwritten rules or constitutional norms have been developed at different times. 

Brief of the Constitution

The short size of the Constitution is one of the most notable features of the United States Constitution. Compared to the constitutions of other countries, the US Constitution can be called the smallest constitution. There were only seven articles in the constitution adopted in 1789, including one proposal. Even after being amended thirty times, the number of words in the constitution did not exceed six thousand.

The supremacy of the constitution

The Constitution of the United States is the basic or supreme law of that country. The supremacy of the constitution is fully established there. The entire administration, including the President, the Congress, and the Supreme Court, each have to exercise the powers and authority specified by the Constitution. If there is a conflict of the constitution with any work of the government, the relevant law is declared illegal. The power to judge the constitutionality and legitimacy of government activity and the law is vested in the Supreme Court.

The sovereignty of the people 

Representatives who are elected directly and indirectly by the people take part in the making of laws and the administration. Their will and consideration are final in the formation of the governance and law department. This sovereign power and will of the people have become clear in the preamble of the constitution.

Federal system

A notable feature of the US governance system is its federal structure. Many see the US structure as a key feature of the federal system. The main distribution of power in the federal system, the federal courts, dual citizenship, and the right of equal representation of each state in the upper house of the Central Legislative Assembly, the separate constitution of the state is present in the US system of governance.

However, the federal system in the United States has changed a lot. There has been a qualitative and numerical change in the power structure of the Central States under various circumstances. The central trend has spread so widely that many are now skeptical of the federal character of the United States. The war, the economic downturn, the revolution in transportation and communications, the state's dependence on the center economically, the Supreme Court's interpretation of the constitution on behalf of the center, the Cold War environment, the nuclear arms race, public welfare programs, civil rights, etc. have all helped the center of power.

Separation of powers

One of the main features of the United States Constitution is the separation of powers. This feature is called one of its main pillars. The framers of the US Constitution were deeply influenced by the individualistic views of John Locke and Matescu. The principle of separation of powers was considered by them as the protector of freedom. The defense of freedom lies in the separation of powers.

Article 1 of the US Constitution states that all legislative powers will be vested in Congress. Article 2 vests departmental powers in the hands of the President. Under Article 3, judicial power in the United States shall be vested in the Supreme Court and the lower courts.

The main points of the policy of separation of powers are: the powers of the law, governance, and judiciary should be vested in three completely separate departments; One department will not interfere in the work of another department, the same person will not be involved in the work of more than one department.

Principles of mutual control and balance

The principle of reciprocal control and balance has been added as a partner in the separation of powers in the running of the government. Because, they felt that in reality, it is possible to eradicate the dictatorship of power in different parts of the government. Although the highest responsibilities of the administration are vested in the President, the Supreme Court can judge the validity of the policies and directives of the administration. 

Without the approval of the Senate, it is not possible for the President to execute any decision or implement the decision regarding an appointment. No bill approved by Congress can become law without the consent of the President before the expiration of the term of office of the President. The president can veto the bill.

Presidential government

Article 2 of the Constitution places all the powers of the administration in the hands of the President. This power he applied directly. He is on the one hand the omnipotent ruler and on the other hand the head of state. The governing department was established on his sole authority and leadership. Subsequently, cabinet practices were developed to assist the President, but they did not diminish the President's constitutional power and influence. The cabinet is merely an advisory body to the president.

Dual citizenship

A notable feature of the United States Constitution is dual citizenship. It is considered one of the most important elements of the federal system established by the US Constitution. Here each person is considered a federal citizen on the one hand and a permanent resident of the state on the other. The dual citizenship of the Soviet Union is also recognized as federal citizenship on the one hand and the Union Republic on the other hand.

The immutability of the constitution

The Constitution of the United States is a complex or unchangeable constitution. Article 5 of the Constitution adds a discussion on the method of amendment. According to Article 7, with the approval of two-thirds of both houses of Congress, Congress may propose amendments to the Constitution. Or Congress may convene a constitutional conference to propose amendments to the petitions of two-thirds of the states' legislatures. Proposals for amendment may be raised through any of the above procedures.

This method of raising is by no means a general law-making method. In addition, the procedure that has been added to approve the amendment proposal is also complex. The constitution states that any amendment proposal requires the approval of three-quarters of the states. There are two procedures for approval in the constitution - a conference of states can be convened directly to approve a proposal for amendment. The power to decide which procedure to follow is vested in Congress.

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