What is the bill of rights?

The most important documents in the history of the United States are the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of Right...

The US Constitution and the Bill of rights

The most important documents in the history of the United States are the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Among them, the Bill of Rights was a government law ratified by 13 American colonies to declare independence from British rule.



What is the bill of rights?

The constitution adopted at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787, although it mentioned some rights, did not include rights in detail. As a result, there has been widespread dissatisfaction and fears that the federal government will have the opportunity to interfere with the rights of the general public.

To address this, the first session of Congress proposed 22 amendments, 10 of which deal with rights, known as the United States Bill of Rights. These are as follows:

First Amendment

Freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of assembly and the right to appeal to the government;

Second Amendment

The right to bear arms;

Third Amendment

Military positions cannot be arranged in any private home;

Fourth Amendment

No person shall be detained or searched his house, belongings or papers without a decree;

Fifth Amendment

Large cases have to be settled with the help of juries. No one shall be tried more than once for the same offence, no one shall be punished without due process of law, no person shall be compelled to testify against himself, and no person's property shall be acquired without proper compensation;

Sixth Amendment

The right to a speedy trial in a public court for a criminal offence, a trial with the help of a jury, an opportunity for the accused to have the support of a lawyer, and the right of the accused to have witnesses appear in court;

Seventh Amendment

Jury trials in cases worth more than $20 dollar;

Eighth Amendment

Excessive bail, fines or severe punishment is prohibited;

Ninth Amendment

The people cannot be deprived of various rights beyond the rights enshrined in the Constitution;

Tenth Amendment

All powers which have not been vested in the State and which are not restricted to the States shall be vested in the State or the people.

It is clear that the Constitution guarantees fundamental rights of person, property and liberty. It is, however, noteworthy that the rights were incorporated in the Constitution by a number of amendments effected after the Constitution was promulgated. But by the subsequent amendments, individual liberty has been effectively safeguarded. These rights have been introduced in the Constitution on the insistence of federating states and the first 10 amendments were immediately made to incorporate the fundamental rights. The rights of citizens are enforceable with the help of the judiciary. These rights cannot be amended or suspended except by a Constitutional amendment.

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